Chocolate is a type of food that is made from the cocoa bean. It is usually eaten as a dessert or snack and comes in many different flavors and varieties. Chocolate has been around for centuries and is enjoyed by people all over the world. There are many different types of chocolate, each with its unique flavor and properties. In this article, we will discuss 17 different types of chocolate. We will explore what makes each type unique and how they are used in cooking and baking.

Raw Chocolate

Raw chocolate is made from cacao beans that have been minimally processed. Unlike traditional chocolate, which is made from roasted beans, raw chocolate retains many of the bean’s natural properties, including its antioxidants and flavonoids. Raw chocolate also has a lower sugar content and a higher level of cacao, making it a healthier option for those looking for a guilt-free treat. In addition to being healthier, raw chocolate has a richer flavor than its processed counterpart. The unique flavor of raw chocolate comes from its terroir or the specific conditions in which the cacao beans are grown. Just like wine, the taste of raw chocolate can vary depending on the climate, soil, and even the type of tree the beans come from. For those looking to experience the true flavor of chocolate, raw chocolate is the way to go.

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Dark Chocolate

Dark chocolate is a type of chocolate that contains a higher percentage of cocoa solids than milk chocolate. Cocoa solids are the dark, bitter-tasting form of cocoa bean that contains most of the cocoa butter and flavonoids. Dark chocolate has a stronger flavor than milk chocolate and is less sweet. It is commonly used in baking or as a candy coating. Unlike white chocolate, dark chocolate does not contain any milk solids. The percentage of cocoa solids in dark chocolate can range from 35% to 99%. The higher the percentage, the darker and more bitter the chocolate will be. In general, dark chocolate with a cocoa content of 70% or higher is considered to be premium quality. Dark chocolate can be made from either natural or artificial flavorings. Artificial flavoring is typically used to enhance the flavor of cheaper chocolates. Natural flavoring, on the other hand, is derived from the actual cocoa bean. This gives dark chocolate its unique flavor profile that can include notes of fruit, coffee, or nuts. Dark chocolate has many health benefits due to its high content of antioxidants and flavonoids. These substances have been shown to help lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart disease. Dark chocolate also contains a small amount of caffeine, which can help improve mental alertness. For these reasons, dark chocolate is often considered to be a healthier alternative to milk chocolate.

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Milk Chocolate

Milk chocolate is a type of chocolate that contains milk solids, cocoa butter, and sugar. The milk solids give the chocolate a creamy flavor and texture, while the cocoa butter helps to create a smooth mouthfeel. The final product typically contains between 10-12% milk solids and 30-35% cocoa butter. Milk chocolate is made by combining these ingredients and then cooling and molding them into bars or other shapes. The resulting chocolate is usually lighter in color than dark chocolate and has a sweeter taste. While milk chocolate is typically consumed as a candy, it can also be used in baking or for making hot chocolate.

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White Chocolate

White chocolate is a type of chocolate that contains cocoa butter, milk solids, and sugar. Unlike milk or dark chocolate, white chocolate does not contain any cocoa powder. Because of this, it has a lighter color and a sweeter flavor. White chocolate is often used in candy and desserts. It can also be used for decorating cakes or other pastries. While white chocolate is not as popular as milk or dark chocolate, it is still enjoyed by many people.

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Cocoa Powder

Cocoa powder is a product that is made from the cacao bean. The beans are fermented, then roasted, and finally ground into a powder. Cocoa powder has a strong, rich flavor and is used in baking and making chocolate. It is also a common ingredient in many desserts, such as pudding and cake. Cocoa powder can be found in two forms: natural and Dutch-processed. Natural cocoa powder is made from cacao beans that have been roasted and then ground. Dutch-processed cocoa powder is made from cacao beans that have been treated with an alkali solution, which makes the powder darker in color and gives it a milder flavor. When choosing a cocoa powder for baking, it is important to check the recipe to see if natural or Dutch-processed cocoa powder is required.

Semisweet Chocolate

Semisweet chocolate is made from a mixture of sugar and cacao beans and contains between 35 and 45% cocoa solids. It is usually darker in color than milk chocolate and is often used in baking or for making chocolate chips. Semisweet chocolate is typically used in baking recipes, as it helps to balance the sweetness of other ingredients. However, it can also be used for making chocolate desserts, eaten on its own, or melted and used as a coating for other foods such as fruit or candy. Semisweet chocolate is available in both bar and chip form, and it can also be found in some specialty stores in the form of disks that are designed specifically for melting. When choosing semisweet chocolate, look for one that has a high cocoa content and is free from artificial flavors and preservatives.


Bittersweet chocolate is a type of chocolate that contains a higher percentage of cocoa solids than other types of chocolate, such as milk chocolate or semisweet chocolate. The cocoa solids give bittersweet chocolate its characteristic bittersweet flavor, which is a balance of sweetness and bitterness. Bittersweet chocolate is often used in baking and cooking because it has a strong flavor that can hold its own against other ingredients, such as spices or fruit. It is also the type of chocolate typically used in making dark chocolate. Bittersweet chocolate typically contains between 35% and 50% cocoa solids, although some brands may contain even more.

Chocolate Liquor

Chocolate liquor is a liquid that is made from cocoa beans. The beans are ground into a paste, and then the paste is heated until it becomes a liquid. Chocolate liquor is the main ingredient in chocolate, and it is what gives chocolate its characteristic flavor and texture. The paste is then mixed with cocoa butter, sugar, and other ingredients to create a variety of different chocolate products. Chocolate liquor can be used to make chocolate bars, chocolate chips, and other chocolate confections. It can also be used as an ingredient in baking or cooking. Although chocolate liquor is sometimes referred to as “chocolate liqueur,” it does not contain any alcohol. Chocolate liquor also contains cocoa butter, which helps to make chocolate smooth and creamy. To make chocolate liquor the cocoa bean is divided into two parts: the nib and the husk. The nib is where the chocolate flavor comes from, while the husk is primarily composed of fiber. Raw chocolate that is made with 100% cacao includes both the nib and the husk, while chocolate that is made with chocolate liquor only includes the nib. As a result, 100% raw cacao chocolate tends to be more bitter than chocolate that is made with chocolate liquor.

Baking (Bakers) Chocolate

Baking chocolate, also known as black chocolate or bitter chocolate, is a type of unsweetened chocolate that is typically used in baking recipes. It is made from cocoa beans that have been roasted and ground, and it has a strong, bitter flavor. Baking chocolate is available in both bar and chip form, and it can be found in most grocery stores. When baking with baking chocolate, it is important to remember that it contains no sugar, so it will not make your baked goods sweet. Instead, you will need to add sweetness yourself using either sugar or another type of sweetener. Baking chocolate can be used to make both sweet and savory dishes, and it is a key ingredient in many classic desserts like brownies and cakes.

Couverture Chocolate

Couverture chocolate is a type of high-quality chocolate made from a blend of cocoa butter and cocoa solids. It has a higher percentage of cocoa butter than other types of chocolate, which gives it a smooth texture and rich flavor. This makes it ideal for use in candy making, as the cocoa butter helps to give the chocolate a smooth glossy finish and it melts easily and can be molded into various shapes. Couverture chocolate is also generally considered to be of a higher quality than other types of chocolate, due to the higher percentage of cocoa beans used in its production. As a result, couverture chocolate tends to be more expensive than other types of chocolate. However, many chefs believe that the superior taste and texture of couverture chocolate is worth the extra cost.

Ruby Chocolate

In 2017, a new type of chocolate was introduced to the world: Ruby chocolate. It is manufactured by the Swiss company Barry Callebaut and it’s the first new type of chocolate to be created in 80 years. This pink-hued confection is made from the ruby cocoa bean, which is native to Central and South America (Ecuador and Brazil). The beans are processed using a special technique that preserves their natural flavor and color. As a result, Ruby chocolate has a unique taste and appearance that sets it apart from other types of chocolate. In addition to its distinctive sour fruity flavor, Ruby chocolate is also lower in sugar than other types of chocolate. This makes it a popular choice for those looking for a healthier alternative to traditional chocolate.

Modeling Chocolate

Modeling chocolate is a type of candy that can be used to create decorations for cakes and other desserts. It is made by combining chocolate and corn syrup or another liquid sweetener. The mixture is then cooled and formed into a pliable mass that can be molded into shapes. Modeling chocolate can be tinted with food coloring or flavored with extract, making it a versatile medium for creating edible art. While it is not as well-known as fondant or marzipan, modeling chocolate has become a popular choice for cake decorators in recent years due to its flavor and easy-to-use properties. Whether you are a seasoned cake decorator or a beginner looking to try something new, modeling chocolate is a delicious way to add dimension and flair to your next creation.

Compound Chocolate

Compound chocolate is a type of chocolate that uses vegetable oil instead of cocoa butter. It is typically cheaper to produce than traditional chocolate as it does not require the melting and tempering process that real chocolate does, plus it has a longer shelf life. However, compound chocolate does not have the same taste or texture as real chocolate. It is often used in candy and baked goods, where it can be combined with other ingredients to create a more consistent flavor. Some people also use compound chocolate for making moldable chocolates, as it has a lower melting point than real chocolate. Overall, compound chocolate is a versatile and affordable option for many different types of confectionery.

Gianduja Chocolate

Gianduja chocolate is a type of chocolate that is made from a mixture of cocoa, milk, and nuts. The most common nuts used in Gianduja chocolate are hazelnuts, but almonds and pistachios are also sometimes used. The nuts are finely ground and blended with chocolate to create a smooth, creamy texture. It has a well-rounded flavor that is both sweet and nutty. The origins of Gianduja chocolate are believed to date back to the early 19th century in the Italian city of Turin. At that time, cocoa was very expensive and only affordable to the wealthy. In order to make the chocolate more affordable, the chocolatiers of Turin began adding ground nuts to the cocoa, which helped to stretch the cocoa and make it more flavorful. is often used in confections such as pralines, truffles, and Nutella.

Candy Chocolate Coating

Candy chocolate coating, also known as candy coating or chocolate confectionery coating, is a type of waxy chocolate that can be used as a candy melts, candy bars, cake pops, truffles, pretzels, nuts, and other snacks or a coating for other sweets. It typically has a glossy finish and a smooth texture. It can be made from milk chocolate, dark chocolate, or white chocolate. Candy coatings are available in a variety of colors and can be used to create unique and visually appealing candies. Candy chocolate coating can be applied using a spatula or brush, or it can be melted and poured over the desired item. Once the coating has hardened, it will create a protective barrier that helps to keep the sweet fresh and prevents it from melting or becoming misshapen.

Cocoa Nibs

Cocoa nibs are pieces of roasted and crushed cocoa beans. They have a strong bitter chocolate flavor and are used to make chocolate and other cocoa-based products. You can use them in baking, cooking, or add them to smoothies for a healthy boost. They can be eaten on their own as a snack since they are a good source of fiber, iron, and magnesium. They also contain antioxidants and flavonoids, which can help improve cardiovascular health. Because of their bitter taste, cocoa nibs are often used in savory dishes instead of sweet ones. Adding them to stews or sauces can help round out the flavors.

Cocoa Mass

Cocoa mass is the key ingredient in chocolate. It is made from cocoa beans that have been roasted and ground into a paste. The paste is then placed in a hydraulic press, where the cocoa butter is extracted, leaving behind a dry solid cake of cocoa mass. The cocoa mass is then pulverized into a fine powder, which is used to make chocolate. Cocoa mass delights the palate with its rich flavor and aroma, and it is also prized for its high content of antioxidants and other health-promoting compounds. In addition to being used in the manufacture of chocolate, cocoa mass is also utilized in a variety of cosmetics and other products.